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Oral and Dental Hygiene: Keeping the Teeth Clean.

What is Oral and Dental Hygiene?

Oral and dental hygiene comes down to the proper and regular teeth brushing and mouth cavity cleaning, thereby preventing plaque formation - a sticky coating of bacteria, which turns into a hard coating on the teeth, leading to the formation of caries and various gum diseases.
What are the Symptoms of Improper Oral Hygiene?

• Bleeding or sore gums;
• Bad breath;
• Yellow or brown coating on the teeth;
• Increase of teeth difference or teeth loss.
What are the Possible Consequences of Improper Oral Hygiene?

As a result of improper oral hygiene a bacterial plaque is accumulated on the teeth, using food sugar and starch and producing acid. This acid attacks tooth enamel and over time leads to caries - holes or cavities in the teeth. It also irritates the gums, causing bleeding and bad breath. With time, the accumulation of hard coating leads to the formation of the so-called tartar.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are common gum diseases.

Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease and is characterized by gum inflammation and painful bleeding when brushing the teeth. Gingivitis is reversible with appropriate treatment by a dentist.

If overlooked though gingivitis can lead to periodontitis - a disease that results in the destruction of the teeth structure, including bones, teeth loosening and finally loss of teeth. Periodontitis symptoms include gum reddening, oedema and bleeding.
How Can One Maintain Proper Oral Hygiene?

Proper mouth cavity and teeth hygiene will prevent the formation of plaque, which is the main factor that leads to gum and tooth disease. Parents must educate children as to the proper dental hygiene techniques that should be practiced daily.

• Regular visits to the dentist - at least once every six months - to monitor the health of your teeth and mouth;
• Regular professional cleaning by a dentist - treatment with fluoride, firming and cleaning to remove hardened plaque (tartar);
• Diagnostic services;
• Therapeutic services - fillings, crowns and bridges for teeth restoration and retention.

Healthy Eating for Healthy Teeth

A balanced diet plays an important role in dental health. A balanced diet includes all major food groups: fruits and vegetables, dairy products, meat, fish, etc.
Foods Causing Caries:

• Foods with a high concentration of sugar - cakes, ice cream, honey, etc.
• Acidic drinks with a low pH value can damage tooth enamel.
• Sticky foods - those that are not easily washed by saliva from the tooth surface
Foods that Promote Dental Health:

• Foods, rich in fibers, like fresh fruits and vegetables - they increase salivation that neutralizes acid and helps to clean teeth of food and sugar particles in chewing;
• Rich foods without sugar - milk, yogurt, rice, meat, fish, fruit, etc.
• Fruits and vegetables of high water content - pears, melons, celery and cucumbers.
Good Eating Habits

• Eat sweets as part of your main meals rather than between them - saliva production increases during meals, thus neutralizing the majority of acids and reducing risks;
• Avoid sweet or acidic drinks between meals and drink milk or water instead.
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